Energy on demand unit to help power crisis

A unique device that can produce electricity and hot water as well as heat or cool your home is being touted by Australian inventors as a revolutionary way to help solve the nation’s energy crisis.

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The “energy on demand” device works by producing heat to drive turbines that generate electricity for homes, hospitals, shops, office buildings and factories.

The heat loss from the hot air that’s produced can also be diverted into a building’s heating and cooling systems.

Sydney-based firm Infratech Industries and the University of Newcastle have developed the device, which can be used in conjunction with electricity from the national grid or independent of it.

They say their system is the first of its kind in the world, and is free from the predictability issues that can sometimes plague renewable energy sources such as solar and wind.

“It’s a step-change in technology from what is currently available,” Infratech founder and chief executive Dr Rajesh Nellore said.

“We are not only talking about power generation but other needs the consumer has and reducing overall dependency on the national electricity grid.”

The device has been dubbed CLES, short for chemical looping energy on demand system.

Speaking ahead of its launch at the University of Newcastle on Thursday, Dr Nellore said the current version measures two metres square and can produce enough power for 30-40 homes.

It generates electricity from a “chemical looping process” involving a naturally occurring particle mixture.

When those particles combine with oxygen they produce heat that runs turbines inside the device to create electricity.

Heat that’s lost during the process is then captured to produce hot water and supply heating and cooling systems.

Oxygen and hydrogen are other byproducts, which Dr Nellore says can be sold off for use by hospitals, steel mills and fish farms.

“So it’s a polygeneration unit that has multiple benefits,” he said.

Dr Nellore said the unit can be used as an energy storage device that can be charged like a battery using electricity from the national grid.

Households could use electricity generated and stored by the device during off-peak periods for energy demand, potentially lowering their power bills.

Rhino horn a legal trade in South Africa

South Africa’s top court has dismissed an appeal by the Department of Environmental Affairs to keep a moratorium on the domestic trade in rhino horn.

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Pelham Jones, chairman of South Africa’s Private Rhino Owners Association (PROA) which was one of the respondents in the case, said it means the sale of rhino horns was legal in South Africa.

“We welcome the Constitutional Court ruling, we believe it is a right we have been entitled to,” he said.

A global ban in the horn trade, which is regulated by a UN convention, remains in place.

In May, South Africa’s Supreme Court of Appeal dismissed the government’s bid to uphold a ban on the domestic trade in rhino horn put in place in 2009. The Constitutional Court was its last judicial option.

A spokeswoman for South Africa’s Department of Environmental Affairs said it would issue a statement shortly.

The court action was initiated by private rhino ranchers and other associations, who say they need to sell horn to afford spiralling security costs.

According to the latest figures from PROA, over 6,500 rhinos are in private hands in South Africa, over a third of the national population.

Rhino horn can be harvested as it grows back and it can be removed from a tranquilised animal.

Conservationists have expressed concerns that domestic buyers could also illicitly supply markets in Vietnam and China, where demand for rhino horn – coveted as an ingredient in traditional medicine – has triggered a wave of poaching.

But Jones said PROA was consulting with security firms to ensure “blood horns” did not enter the market.

“We are in an advanced stage of setting up a domestic trade desk and are consulting with economists to determine market prices.

Potential domestic buyers could include those who see” rhino horn as a store of wealth that could appreciate in value and those who want it as a decoration.

Wheelchair martial arts master knows no limits

Three years ago Eduardo Salazar began life in a wheelchair, but he’s not willing to be pushed around.

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A fourth dan Hapkido black belt, the current world champion and devotee of martial arts for over 30 years, Salazar’s life changed in an instant while riding his motorbike in his homeland of Colombia when he was rammed by a car.

The accident broke his spine but never his spirit, even when doctors delivered the news that he would never walk again.

“The doctors say you can’t move again, you spend all the time in bed, you have lost everything. But I say no,” he said.

Eduardo Salazar’s motorbike accident in 2014.Supplied

Refusing to dwell on what he couldn’t do, Salazar put his focus into what he could do.

Several months in rehab, the 40-year-old worked his upper body and learned how to use his wheelchair in martial arts practice.

Just two years later, he claimed the Hapkido Open World Champion title in Brazil over his able bodied competitors.

“When I become world champion I say, ‘yes, now I am a good example for people and I can help’.”

Hapkido World Champion 2016Supplied

So he moved to Australia in 2015 to establish his own Hapkido dojo, and began passing on his life’s work.

Salazar runs classes two days a week in Melbourne’s western suburbs for students of all ages.

However he said the chair can cause some confusion for new students.

“Sometimes people arrive here and ask about class,” he said. “And when the people look at my belt, they ask, ‘you are the master?’ and I say ‘yes, I am the master’.”

He also holds specialist clinics for those like himself in a wheelchair.

Eduardo Salazar runs a weapons session.SBS

Salazar said as Hapkido relies on technique, not strength, it’s the perfect form of self defence for people with a disability.

“When you have strong mind you can achieve everything,” he said. “With practice you gain an understanding, and it’s in this moment you realise that you can achieve everything.”

His next goal is to establish an Australian Hapkido federation, and continue to inspire the next generation of Hapkido masters, like 10-year-old student Eric Falconer.

“It’s more about up here (in your head), you have to concentrate. You can do whatever you want and achieve your goal if you work at it,” Eric said.

Eduardo Salazar demonstrates self defence.SBS

While for yellow-belt Michelle Paschkow, the practice has been life changing.

Recruited to the dojo after meeting Salazar on a train, she said she never thought she was strong enough to practice martial arts.

“Practices like Hapkido you don’t have to be very strong it’s all about technique so it’s suitable for everyone. It’s changed everything for me,” she said.

Hapkido black belt master Eduardo Salazar redefines disability in @SBSNews feature tomorrow night 6:30pm #hapkido #martialarts #wheelchair pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/Vmt1z7qgpV

— Abby Dinham (@abbydinham) April 3, 2017

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WATCH: Opening up adventure activities for people with disabilities

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NPR defends Declaration of Independence tweets after confused Trump supporters brand as ‘propaganda’

When NPR tweeted out the Declaration of Independence on July 4, many Trump supporters thought the media organisation was provoking violence and even revolution against the President.

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For nearly three decades NPR’s ‘Morning Edition’ has broadcast a reading of the Declaration of Independence on July 4.

It’s a national holiday in the United States where many Americans eat hotdogs, drink beer and wear their flag with pride.

The US Independence Day commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of the Independence in 1776.

For the first time, NPR tweeted out the lines from the Declaration of Independence. But due to Twitter’s 140 character limit, some of the declaration had to be broken down.

In total 113 consecutive tweets were sent out to complete the reading.

In Congress, July 4, 1776.

— NPR (@NPR) July 4, 2017

During the section which outlined all the ways Britian’s George III had wronged the then- colonies, many Trump supporters believed the media organisation was tweeting about their President.

Trump supporters thought NPR was tweeting “propaganda” on 4th of July Turned out it was the Declaration of Independence.😂🤣😂 pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/bqXO9W6GVr

— Facts Do Matter (@WilDonnelly) July 5, 2017

Many Trump supporters have since deleted their tweets, but not before some US writers were able to screenshoot them and post it for all to see. 

there’s nothing more american than getting pissed because you think the declaration of independence is shitting on the president pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/gkWSTR8SIY

— Goth Ms. Frizzle (@spookperson) July 4, 2017*heavy sigh* pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/Pb35SNdKqe

— Melissa Martin (@DoubleEmMartin) July 4, 2017this whole thread is an indictment of American reading comprehension 😛

— Boo Radley 🇺🇸 (@wibrr) July 5, 2017Trump supporters who thought that @NPR tweeting the Declaration of Independence was dig @ The Don, not understanding they read it EVERY YEAR pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/QWfrxbSPkJ

— Joke Man Movie Man (@SupermanParadis) July 5, 2017

One journalist got fed up with the notifications. 

This is spam I get alerts for NPR tweets because they are important My device is alarming nonstop. unfollowing.

— Brandon Travan (@btravan_IT) July 4, 2017

But one Trump supporter admitted he was wrong. 

So, NPR is calling for revolution.

Interesting way to condone the violence while trying to sound “patriotic”.

Your implications are clear.

— D.G.Davies (@JustEsrafel) July 4, 2017I Tweeted a VERY dumb comment. But ask yourselves; if read to the average American, would they know that you were reading the DOI? I do now.

— D.G.Davies (@JustEsrafel) July 5, 2017I can’t reply to you all. But stay tuned.

To those that want to mock me…go for it. I deserve it.

To those that forgive my “sin”, thank you

— D.G.Davies (@JustEsrafel) July 5, 2017

One online user criticised the tweets as “trash”.

Seriously, this is the dumbest idea I have ever seen on twitter. Literally no one is going to read 5000 tweets about this trash.

— Darren Mills 🇺🇸 (@darren_mills) July 4, 2017

A spokeswoman for NPR, Allyssa Pollard, said the tweets were shared by thousands of people and generated “a lively conversation.”

In a statement published by The Washington Post, the organisation said the purpose of the tweets was to extend their 29 year broadcast tradition to social media.

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Witnesses claim Venezuelan police chase protesters into mall, then tear gas them

The violent round of cat-and-mouse came a day after one of the most stunning episodes in three months of unrest: a pro-government, stick-wielding mob overrunning Congress.

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The malaise has cost the lives of 91 people as opposition activists who blame President Nicolas Maduro for the country’s descent into food shortages and other economic chaos press on with nearly daily street protests.

On Thursday they tried to march on the Supreme Court, which the opposition says is stacked with pro-Maduro lackies. But police firing tear gas pushed them back and even chased some fleeing demonstrators into a huge shopping mall and shot the stinging gas in there, too.

A total of 45 people in the mall, including 17 children, received emergency medical treatment, said Ramon Muchacho, mayor of the Caracas district Chacao, which is an opposition stronghold.

“We came here to get an ice cream and see a movie, and look at this disaster,” said adolescent Alejandra Vargas, her eyes red from the tear gas. Nearby, a woman carrying a baby was escorted out by firefighters.  

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Protester Rosa Rivas, 43, taking part in the rally with her 15-year-old daughter, said when the police forced the crowd to disperse, some went into the mall, either through the main entrance or a parking garage.

“But they chased us. People were running for their lives,” Rivas told AFP. The entire mall — 531 stores — was later evacuated as a precaution.

The unrest came a day after some 100 government supporters armed with sticks and pipes stormed the opposition-dominated National Assembly. They beat lawmakers, injuring seven, as police stood by and watched. 

The pro-Maduro people then stood guard outside the assembly for nine hours, screaming insults at lawmakers and preventing them from leaving until police finally intervened and set up a security cordon to let them out.

Maduro condemned the assault and promised an investigation but did not publicly acknowledge the intruders were his supporters. The attack drew condemnation from the United States, France, the European Union and the Organization of American States.

Maduro, a former bus driver handpicked by the late socialist firebrand Hugo Chavez as his successor, is wildly unpopular among everyday people but still retains the key support of the military.

However, Maduro now faces criticism even within his own camp, namely from Attorney General Luisa Ortega. The Supreme Court could soon fire her.

Emissions cheating: Audi engineer charged

US authorities have accused a former executive of Volkswagen’s Audi luxury brand of giving orders to program diesel engines to cheat on emissions tests.

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Giovanni Pamio, 60, an Italian citizen, is accused of being a leader in a conspiracy that was part of an embarrassing scandal that has cost VW more than $US20 billion ($A26 billion) in criminal penalties and lawsuit settlements. He’s the seventh ex-VW employee charged in the case that is being investigated by the FBI and the Environmental Protection Agency’s criminal unit.

One of the employees is scheduled for sentencing later this month, another is in custody in the US and four others are German citizens.

Volkswagen has admitted that VW, Porsche and Audi vehicles with two-litre and three-litre diesel engines were programmed to turn pollution controls on during government treadmill tests and turn them off while on the road. The scheme went on for years before being discovered in tests conducted by West Virginia University.

According to a criminal complaint filed on Thursday in Detroit, Pamio is charged with conspiracy, wire fraud and violating the Clean Air Act. Gina Balaya, spokeswoman for the US Attorney’s Office in Detroit, said she could not comment on whether he is in custody.

The complaint says Pamio was head of Thermodynamics in Audi’s Diesel Development Department in Neckarsulm, Germany, leading a team of engineers who designed emissions controls from 2006 through November of 2015.

He and other unidentified conspirators determined it was impossible to calibrate a three-litre diesel engine to meet US nitrogen oxide emissions standards within design constraints imposed by other VW departments. So Pamio “directed Audi employees to design and implement software functions to cheat the standard US emissions tests,” the US Attorney’s Office said in a statement.

Pamio and others then failed to disclose the software and knowingly misrepresented that the engines complied with US pollution standards, according to the complaint.

VW already has pleaded guilty to criminal charges and agreed to pay a $US2.8 billion ($A3.7 billion) penalty.

Hawks backing Vickery after police drama

Hawthorn are confident ruck-forward Ty Vickery can remain focused on football despite being subject to an ongoing police investigation.

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Vickery and former Richmond AFL teammate Jake King were arrested on Wednesday as part of an extortion investigation.

King, whose AFL career ended three years ago, was charged with six offences and released on bail.

Hawks recruit Vickery was released without charge, pending further police investigation, and will play for VFL affiliates Box Hill on Sunday.

Coach Alastair Clarkson says Vickery is co-operating fully with police and has the full support of the club.

“He’s okay. It’s been a big week for him,” Clarkson said at Melbourne Airport on Friday.

“He’ll get through this police investigation but we can’t really comment too much on it. It’s a little bit like the umpires – you’re not meant to speak about that sort of stuff.

“He’s got the support of his teammates and his footy club, and his family and friends, and that’s all that’s important at this point in time.”

Box Hill named Vickery at full forward for Sunday’s home game against Williamstown.

Vickery most recently played at senior level in round 11, but kicked three goals last weekend in the VFL.

He has played just six AFL matches this season after joining the Hawks from Richmond.

“Outside of it being quite a serious matter involving the police, he’s tried to live his life as normally as possibly as he can and just co-operate with police in terms of what their requirements are,” Clarkson said.

“He’s done that outstandingly well over the last two days and everything else we’ve just got to compartmentalise – footy here, deal with the stuff that he’s got to deal with outside of that.

Fairfax Media has reported Vickery is set to take legal action against a former business partner over an alleged six-figure debt.

That debt is said to be at the heart of the extortion claims.

Barrett denies Manly salary cap problems

Manly coach Trent Barrett insists the Sea Eagles will be cleared of an NRL investigation into the club’s salary cap.

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Barrett has sought out assurances from Sea Eagles chairman Scott Penn, amid reports that landed the club at the front and centre of alleged breaches across multiple clubs.

“I’ve spoken to Scott Penn who has assured us that everything is fine,” Barrett said.

“We were audited a couple of weeks ago so if there was anything there it would have been brought up.”

Manly have shot from pre-season wooden-spoon contenders to premiership chances, on the back of a five-game winning streak taking them to third on the ladder.

Severe salary cap breaches in previous years have results in points penalties to clubs – which has not yet been threatened by the NRL

However when asked whether he was concerned, Barrett was defiant.

“I know how we operate here and we’ve got nothing to worry about,” he said.

The Fairfax Media allegations on Wednesday suggested a former Sea Eagles player was connected to a cash handover in a car park.

They also pointed to top-up payments by multiple unnamed clubs, as well as the skirting of NRL salary cap laws by undisclosed cash payments from third-party sponsors to players.

Barrett has only been at the Sea Eagles since the beginning of last year, and was unwilling to comment on matters before his arrival at the club.

But he pointed to the club’s financial position and roster of toilers as further proof his team had no right to be concerned.

“We’re not a club that has a lot of money,” he said.

“We get by on a shoestring and that’s why it’s pretty laughable in our playing group because we have to kick and scratch for everything.

“We’re a privately owned club, we don’t have a leagues club. We do it tough at times.

“Seriously, if you look through our roster, we’ve got a lot of younger players in there who are really doing their best at the moment.”

Agriculture value rises, but picture mixed

The value of Australia’s agriculture industry has reached a new high of $56 billion.

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The 2015-16 figure, released on Friday as part of the Agricultural Census, represents a $3.1 billion rise and was driven by an increase in livestock values.

“Beef was again the largest contributor to this rise, despite fewer animals heading to the saleyards, with strong price rises both domestically and internationally,” the Bureau of Statistics director of agriculture statistics Lauren Binns said.

The most valuable crops were wheat ($6.2 billion), fruit, nuts and grapes ($5.6 billion) and vegetables ($3.6 billion).

But there was a mixed picture, with varying weather conditions impacting production.

Winter and spring rain in parts of NSW and Queensland helped deliver bumper barley crops, up six per cent.

But a warm, dry spring in southern Australia contributed to a five per cent fall in wheat.

Avocado production reached record levels in 2015-16 up 39 per cent to 67,600 tonnes, with more than 24,000 tonnes of extra mandarins.

But apple and pear crops were impacted by hail storms in Victoria during the year.

The number of farming businesses in Australia rose one per cent to more than 85,000, with farm sizes increasing slightly as well.

Families are remaining on the land, with the average number of years those surveyed involved in farming being 35.

The total volume of water used decreased by three per cent, but the total area watered nationally rose by four per cent.

More than 100,000 farm businesses contributed to the survey with the minimum size increased from those with an average turnover of $5000 to $40,000 or more.

The ABS says it significantly reduced the survey burden on small farming operations.

UN set to adopt nuclear weapons ban treaty

Supporters describe the treaty as a historic achievement but the nuclear-armed states have dismissed the ban as unrealistic, arguing it will have no impact on reducing the global stockpile of 15,000 nuclear weapons.

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Led by Austria, Brazil, Mexico, South Africa and New Zealand, 141 countries have taken part in three weeks of negotiations on the treaty that provides for a total ban on developing, stockpiling or threatening to use nuclear weapons.

Advocates hope it will increase pressure on nuclear states to take disarmament more seriously.

“This will be a historic moment,” Costa Rica’s ambassador, Elayne Whyte Gomez, the president of the UN conference on the treaty, said on the eve of the adoption.

“The world has been waiting for this legal norm for 70 years,” she said, calling it a “response for humanity.”

None of the nine countries that possess nuclear weapons – the United States, Russia, Britain, China, France, India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel – took part in the negotiations.

Australia was also not present at the talks.

Even Japan – the only country to have suffered atomic attacks, in 1945 – boycotted the talks as did most NATO countries.

US Ambassador Nikki Haley came out strongly against the ban when negotiations opened on March 27, saying “there is nothing I want more for my family than a world with no nuclear weapons, but we have to be realistic.”

“Is there anyone that believes that North Korea would agree to a ban on nuclear weapons?” she asked.

RelatedNo more prestige

Nuclear powers argue their arsenals serve as a deterrent against a nuclear attack and say they remain committed to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

The decades-old NPT seeks to prevent the spread of atomic weapons but also puts the onus on nuclear states to reduce their stockpiles.

Impatience however is growing among many non-nuclear states over the slow pace of disarmament as are worries that the weapons of mass destruction will fall into the wrong hands.

Disarmament campaigners say the treaty will go a long way in increasing the stigma associated with nuclear weapons and will have an impact on public opinion.

“The key thing is that it changes the legal landscape,” said Richard Moyes, director of the British-based organisation Article 36.

“It stops states with nuclear weapons from being able to hide behind the idea that they are not illegal.”

“This is really about removing the prestige from nuclear weapons,” said Beatrice Fihn, director of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons.

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“They are seen as something very valuable and as giving power. This is supposed to remove that.”

During a meeting at the General Assembly, the treaty is expected to be adopted by consensus by the conference of nations that has negotiated the document without the nuclear powers and their allies.

After its adoption, the treaty will be open for signatures as of September 20 and will enter into force when 50 countries have ratified it.

During a vote at the UN General Assembly in December, 113 countries voted in favor of starting negotiations on the new treaty while 35 opposed the move and 13 abstained.

Another China hurdle for Bellamy’s

The turnaround plan of troubled infant formula supplier Bellamy’s has hit an unexpected hurdle with Chinese authorities suspending a key licence of its recently-acquired Camperdown Powder canning facility.

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Bellamy’s shares are in a trading halt as the company tries to find out why Chinese authorities suspended Camperdown’s licence from the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People’s Republic of China (CNCA).

“The trading halt is requested to allow the company to determine the reasons and impact of the Camperdown’s suspension of its CNCA licence by the China authorities overnight,” Bellamy’s said in a statement to the Australian Securities Exchange on Friday.

Foreign suppliers of Chinese-labelled infant formula products in China, such as Bellamy’s, must register the canning facility used to blend and pack the products with the CNCA.

From January 1, 2018, the canning facility will also be subject to China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) registration.

Bellamy’s only this week completed the $28.5 million acquisition of a 90 per cent indirect interest in the Victoria-based Camperdown Powder blending and canning facility.

The company also completed a $60.4 million capital raising to fund the acquisition and other parts of its turnaround strategy.

In its capital raising prospectus, Bellamy’s said the Camperdown Powder acquisition provided a path to obtaining the required CFDA registration of its Chinese-labelled products.

Bellamy’s sells its Chinese-labelled products, which represent about 16 per cent of the company’s infant formula sales, to a distributor in China for sale in retail stores there.

It had planned to prepare a new formulation of Chinese-labelled products for canning at Camperdown and registration with the CFDA.

In its prospectus, Bellamy’s said the CNCA had to be notified of the change in control of Camperdown Powder and, if the notification was not accepted, Camperdown’s registration could be terminated.

Morgan’s analyst Belinda Moore said the licence suspension may be an administrative issue linked to the change of control, but further information was needed.

“We’re a bit in the dark, and I suspect we’ll hear something more Monday morning once they (Bellamy’s) have had time to speak to the relevant authorities,” she said.

Bellamy’s sought to acquire Camperdown Powders after Bega Cheese, one of its manufacturers, sold its CNCA-licensed infant formula finishing plant at Derrimut to Mead Johnson Nutrition in February 2017, meaning Bellamy’s Chinese-labelled products could no longer be registered through the plant.

Bellamy’s shares have more than halved in value since November amid flagging sales and guidance downgrades.

Its shares last traded at $6.74.

‘Welcome to hell’ G20 protest march broken up by riot police

What should have been a peaceful march by around 12,000 people in Hamburg protesting against globalisation was halted as police used water cannon and tear gas to disperse around 1,000 far-left militants.

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Seventy-six police officers were injured, a spokesman for Hamburg’s police told AFP.

“Police are still being attacked,” he said.

Officers called with loudspeakers on protestors to remove their masks but this was ignored and after more objects were thrown, authorities decided to separate them from the other protestors, police said on Twitter.

Two protesters sit on a street while the Police uses a water canon during a protest against the G-20 summit in Hamburg, northern Germany, AP

“Unfortunately it has come to the first clashes. We are implementing corresponding measures,” read another tweet.

Protesters were seen scrambling to leave the scene, while others defiantly stood in the way of water cannon trucks as they moved in surrounded by riot police with helmets and batons.

Police tweeted a photo of a car and flames and said shop windows were smashed.

The main ‘Welcome to Hell’ march was then called off but thousands of people remained as night fell and demonstrators engaged in smaller skirmishes in the back streets of Germany’s second city, AFP correspondents said.

0:00 Water cannons used on G20 protesters Share Water cannons used on G20 protesters

Up to 100,000 demonstrators are expected before and during the two-day Group of 20 meeting gathering Trump, Russia’s Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping of China starting on Friday.

There were 20,000 police on standby together with armoured vehicles, helicopters and surveillance drones. A holding centre for detainees has been set up in a former hardware store with space for 400 people.

“War, climate change, exploitation are the result of the capitalist system that the G20 stands for and which 20,000 police are here to defend,” demonstrator Georg Ismail told AFP.

‘Welcome to hell’

Major events like the G20 have in recent years usually been held in remote locations, but Germany was forced by its logistical demands to host it in a large city with a big venue and dozens of hotels.

Hamburg is desperate to avoid a rerun of the kind of major clashes seen at the 2001 G8 summit in Genoa or the Frankfurt opening of the new European Central Bank building in 2015.

0:00 SBS Chief International Correspondent Brett Mason reports from Hamburg Share SBS Chief International Correspondent Brett Mason reports from Hamburg

In Hamburg, some 30 demonstrations have been announced, organised by anti-globalisation activists and environmentalists, trade unions, students and Church groups.

‘Welcome to Hell’ organiser Andreas Blechschmidt said the motto is “a combative message… but it’s also meant to symbolise that G20 policies worldwide are responsible for hellish conditions like hunger, war and the climate disaster”.

Protesters gather in Hamburg ahead of the upcoming G20 Summit. (AAP)AAP

Trump to meet Putin

The main focus of attention inside the G20 venue on the first day of the summit on Friday will be Trump’s first face-to-face meeting with Putin.

Speaking in the Polish capital earlier on Thursday in front of 10,000 people, Trump didn’t mince his words about Moscow.

“We urge Russia to cease its destabilising activities in Ukraine and elsewhere, and its support for hostile regimes — including Syria and Iran — and to instead join the community of responsible nations in our fight against common enemies and in defence of civilisation itself,” he said.

Arriving in Hamburg later Thursday, Trump headed to talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who has vowed to defend the 2015 Paris climate accord despite the US leader’s decision to withdraw.

Merkel said before meeting the US president that Trump was facing isolation within the G20 over the issue — one of several topics where the new US leader is likely to clash with his fellow leaders.

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“We are not going to paper over the differences but rather, we will call discord discord. Because there are also different opinions on some important questions,” Merkel said.

Trump held a dinner with leaders of South Korea and Japan, focusing on North Korea’s successfully test of an intercontinental ballistic missile this week. He tweeted afterwards only that the meeting was “great”.

In his first public remarks since the test, Trump said in Warsaw that Pyongyang’s military sabre-rattling must bring “consequences” and warned he was considering a “severe” response to its “very, very bad behaviour”.

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Protect high speed rail link, govt told

Australia must protect a high-speed rail corridor along the east coast before it is usurped by urban sprawl, the nation’s infrastructure adviser warns.

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Demanding action to protect vital corridors including the introduction of a national framework, Infrastructure Australia has described the rail pathway as the most urgent priority.

“This critical corridor faces immediate pressure due to its proximity to major population centres and should be a key focus for NSW, Victorian and federal governments,” chairman Mark Birrell said on Friday.

“A co-ordinated approach, involving joint governance arrangements to oversee land acquisition, joint funding commitments and joint agreement regarding land use management measures will keep governments at both levels committed to the urgent task at hand.”

Infrastructure Australia has mapped out seven corridors as national priorities, estimating protection and early acquisition could save taxpayers $10.8 billion.

“Strategically important infrastructure corridors need to be preserved early in their planning to avoid cost overruns, delays and community disruption during the project delivery phase,” Mr Birrell said.

“If we protect infrastructure corridors we will reduce project costs and especially minimise the need for underground tunnelling, where the cost to government and therefore taxpayers can be up to ten times higher.”

Federal infrastructure minister Darren Chester said protecting and acquiring corridors was primarily a matter for the states and territories.

“The coalition government is working with the states to ensure they are undertaking long term planning to protect corridors for any potential future rail corridors,” he said through a spokesperson.

“However, any potential high-speed rail between our capital cities is a long way off in the future.”

The government was instead focused on faster rail connections between capital cities and major regional centres.

Opposition infrastructure spokesman Anthony Albanese concedes fast speed rail tracks won’t appear overnight, but says it makes sense to start planning, believing the east coast link will be established within 20 years.

“You can’t make a decision today and then get on a train tomorrow. What you can do though, is plan today for tomorrow,” he told ABC radio.